Businesses that employ multiple people may be subject to employment statutes at multiple levels of jurisdiction, from city ordinances to state and federal statutes. Employers may not discriminate against employees or job applicants on the basis of multiple factors. In many jurisdictions around the country, this includes limitations on how employers may inquire about and consider criminal history during the hiring process. While employers may be reticent about hiring someone with a criminal record, California law seeks to ensure that past mistakes do not unreasonably burden people who need a job. California businesses and business owners should be aware of recent amendments to the state regulation that addresses access to and use of criminal history during the hiring process.
Laws that restrict employer inquiries about criminal history are sometimes known as “Ban the Box” (BTB) laws. They generally prohibit employers from asking about criminal history at the beginning of the job application process. Some application forms include a box that applicants must check “yes” or “no,” indicating whether they have ever been arrested or convicted of a crime. BTB laws often prohibit employers from asking about or considering criminal history—the aforementioned “box”—until an applicant has cleared the first hurdles of the process.
Some employers may see any criminal history as cause for automatic rejection of that applicant, and there are a number of valid business reasons for this view. For job applicants, however, this sort of practice makes it more difficult—and sometimes nearly impossible—for someone to find a job. This can have negative effects on society as a whole, since people with criminal records might be more likely to return to crime if no one will offer them a job. BTB laws try to ensure that criminal history only affects job applicants when the past crime directly relates to the job.